Types of best diamond
There are world famous diamond mines in village Mazgaon and Chhatarpur in Panna district. The coal buried in the pit of these mines after going through many complex process processes is transformed into a dazzling clean and clear diamond. Once diamonds were extracted from the mines of Golconda and Kulur in Andhra Pradesh, but now these mines are filled with legends of history.Nowadays diamond business is in the headlines. This is the reason why people’s interest about it has increased. You must have seen a shining diamond on TV, in movies or in real form. As soon as diamond is mentioned, a question definitely arises in everyone’s mind, how diamond is made. In fact, the purest form of carbon is diamond. The mines of this sparkling diamond are around the world famous tourist destination Khajuraho in our country.
Currently, only Panna and Chhatarpur have diamond mines in India, which are associated with the work of diamond production under the Mineral Development Corporation of India. But now a plan is being made to privatize these mines and extract diamonds worth Rs 60,000 crore. Australian company Rio Tinto is preparing to dig diamonds in 490 hectares of land in these areas.
Including how diamonds are quarrie
However, in Chhatarpur alone, the corporation has expressed hope of having diamond in 958 hectare area. Apart from India, there are diamond mines in 20 other countries of the world. We are telling you all the interesting things related to diamonds here. We are giving many more information, including how diamonds are quarried, what a grand history it has had, how many varieties of it are famous.
Diamond jewelry was limited
Until the 15th century, diamond jewelry was limited to the use of only kings and emperors. France was the only country among European countries that was capable of adopting modern fashion and jewellery. In the year 1734, a wealthy woman named Aigans Sorel created panic by wearing diamond ornaments and trying to break the myth of king-maharajas. Over a period of time, there was a competition among the rich and elite women to wear diamond jewelry and diamond became a symbol of standard life. This increased the demand for diamonds in France and other European countries and India continued to supply diamonds to these countries for three hundred years.
Pure diamond is shiny and transparent to yellowish. The most valuable diamond is almost colorless, with a distinct red or bluish tint. If the yellowish luster is more in the diamond, then you know, the amount of impurity in it is also high. Although diamond connoisseurs claim that 100% pure diamond is rare. Diamonds also have great importance in Ayurveda.The varieties of diamond are judged on its purity and luster. There are mainly three types of diamonds, the gem diamond, the yellow diamond and the industrial diamond. But as the business of diamonds is expanding and the techniques of its polishing are developing, so are its varieties. Now 6 varieties of diamonds are easily accessible in the market, blue-white, white, light cape, dark cape, light brown and dark brown. Apart from human connoisseurs, machines have started doing the work of testing these colors of diamonds and checking for real and fake diamonds.
Discovery of diamonds
The pits in which quarrying is done for the discovery of diamonds, the area of those pits is of friable and loamy soil. In the middle of this soil are hard carbon rocks. Therefore their excavation is very difficult. If the connoisseurs of diamonds see the hope of diamonds, then only by digging a maximum of 20 feet deep pits, the diamond is found. About 500 tonnes of crushed rock from the mine pits is collected at a certain place and then these pieces of stone are crushed and broken. The workers do this work of hutting amidst tight security arrangements. Here the barbed wire is strung up and the armed ones are present for guarding. In the midst of this arduous task of breaking the stone, the connoisseurs of diamonds have to keep a watchful eye. In this way, hardly ten to twelve grams of diamond sawdust is obtained after breaking five hundred tons of rocks.
The diamond that emerges from these rocks in the form of an elusive stone is the hardest form of carbon. The appearance of this rough diamond is like a simple round, long or oval soft stone. Later, this simple stone is sculpted by experienced hands of artisans and shapes them into different types of diamonds. All these shapes are geometric. The diamond goes through 10 to 12 times through the subtlest process of polishing. Although earlier diamond pieces were only cut up to 22 angles. Due to this the diamond blossoms and its value increases. The work of carving is now being done by machines as well. After polishing, the diamond is polished. In diamond factories, the stains on the diamond are also being cleaned with laser rays. In the end the value is determined by naming them. Their names are Rose, Pear, Brilliant, Almond, Octagon, Oval, Cinnamon and Carbocation etc.
After the diamond is extracted from the mines, the government auctions it. The auction is done in Mumbai or Panna. In the auction, traders buy diamonds by bidding. The major centers of diamond trade are in Surat, Jaipur, Navsari and Palanpur, Mumbai being the international center of diamond trade. India alone is the 80 percent producer of diamonds in the whole world. But London’s De-Bears company has 14 per cent interference in the diamond business. Till 1966, India used to export diamonds worth only 11 crore rupees, this export has now reached above fifty thousand crore rupees. It has the potential to grow further in the future.